WHAT IS STUCCO?
There are various materials that can be considered for use during the building phase, but stucco is a popular choice for residential purposes due to being weather resistant as well as adding charm to a home’s façade. Many homeowners question the difference between stucco, plaster, mortar, and render, but they are essentially the same compound with different uses. The word plaster is reserved for interior wall coverings, whereas stucco is the name given to the process when utilized on the exterior of a building. Traditional stucco and plaster are both made up of lime, sand, and water. Modern stucco adds Portland cement, a cement made of limestone, to its list of components. The addition of cement provides hardness, strength, and durability to the mixture. On the other hand, mortar is not used to cover walls, but to glue the materials making up the walls together. Mortar is often used with brick and stone. Lastly, is render. Render is the same as stucco, but reserved to coat concrete masonry.
HISTORY OF STUCCO
Stucco is very popular because of its sculptural nature. When wet, stucco mixtures can be molded into beautiful ornamental reliefs. When dried and hardened, the compound can be carved into for ultimate artistry. 19th century homes and 17th century churches are prime examples of stucco mastery where filigree sculptures and mythological figures seemingly project from the walls. Stucco can also be painted on. The ancient Greeks used the dense composition to paint frescos. Stucco can be attuned to a paint that covers outdoor surfaces and adds dimension as well as a splash of color. Initially, stucco itself is not painted, it is tinted with a slurry and then applied to a building. This does not mean that stucco cannot be painted over. With a bit of preparation, outdated stucco can be updated with exterior paints. Stucco was made for the outdoors and when it comes to environment, it stands up well against the elements, especially extreme heat.
STUCCO ON DESERT HOMES
Stucco is a fantastic finish for houses on the west coast like Las Vegas. The material holds up well in the dry weather, so maintenance and repair are minimal. Deterioration usually begins not with the stucco, but with the building’s structural framework. When the foundation for a house moves, cracks and bumps in siding may occur, but it is not too difficult to fix. Those relocating to the dessert will often find Nevada homes lush with stucco siding. Siding is what aids in stucco’s weather resistance. Other features of siding ease of pigmentation, cost effectiveness, and style.
STUCCO DESIGNS AND PATTERNS
Style is stucco’s most prominent feature. The wall finish is often praised for its ability to hide unsightly metal, cracks, or unwanted textures in surfaces. A variety of designs, patterns, and compositions can be achieved for a drastic look. A cat face texture, which in reality does not resemble a feline, but is actually an array of inclusions and indents in the thick stucco surface, can be created in both traditional and synthetic stucco. Dashes are another finish that add dimension by creating heavy peaks in the surface. Dashes can be sprayed on or easily patched for color matching. There is also a lace troweled texture, which resembles the airy look of fabric, or the ever-popular sand float finish.
Those who do not have stucco, but wish to can do so with the help of a professional contractor. Stucco is either applied in two or three layers and can be done manually by hand or sprayed with a machine. The finishing coat can be smoothed out or floated depending on the homeowner’s preferences. Stucco’s unique properties and versatilities make it a construction essential.
Colvin Construction is here to help Las Vegas residents and builders with their stucco needs. Contact us today.